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Michigan Drug Addiction

Drug Addiction

Drug abuse and addiction affect people from all walks of life. People become dependent on all sorts of psychoactive substances, including legal drugs such as alcohol and Valium and illegal drugs like heroin and cocaine. Michigan drug addiction is a huge problem that requires comprehensive treatment, including access to detox and rehabilitation programs. Commonly abused illegal drugs include heroin, powder cocaine, crack cocaine, methamphetamine, and marijuana. Specialized treatment services are often needed to break the bonds of addiction, with Michigan drug addiction best tackled through a combination of detox, rehab, and aftercare support programs.

Categories of street drugs

Illegal drugs are often characterized according to their mechanism of action on the human central nervous system (CNS). Some substances cause CNS depression, including marijuana and the illegal opioid heroin. Other drugs cause CNS stimulation, including cocaine and methamphetamine. Street drugs may also be classified according to their legal schedule and the nature of addiction that they produce. For example, heroin is associated with a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome, with heroin addicts likely to experience a range of physical withdrawal symptoms when they stop using the drug. In contrast, cocaine and methamphetamine do not cause physical addiction, with these drugs associated with emotional and motivational withdrawal symptoms.

Defining drug abuse and addiction

Drug abuse, also known as substance abuse, is defined by the compulsive and ongoing use of drugs despite the existence of negative consequences. People abuse psychoactive substances in a variety of ways, with patterns of misuse and overuse common when it comes to illegal substances. It could be argued that all illegal drug use is abusive by nature, due to the fact that purity levels are unknown and contaminants are common. Drug abuse has been linked with a range of health and social problems, including addiction, overdose, crime, hospitalization, and public disorder.

Deaths attributed to drug use disorders

According to the ‘GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death’ study, drug use disorders caused 127,000 deaths globally in 2013, up from 53,000 in 1990. Opioid drugs were the biggest contributor by far with 51,000 deaths, followed by cocaine with 4.300 deaths and amphetamines with 3,800 deaths. While it’s a legal substance across most of the world, it’s interesting to note that alcohol use disorder was linked with 139,000 deaths globally in 2013. Prescription drug abuse is also a growing problem in Michigan and across the United States, with people increasingly becoming addicted to opioid painkillers, sedatives, and stimulants.

Michigan drug addiction statistics

Illicit street drugs are a major problem across the state of Michigan. According to a report released by Trust for America’s Health (TFAH), Michigan has the 18th highest drug overdose mortality rate in America. A number of drugs are causing problems in Michigan, including marijuana, heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine. According to figures released by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), 11,358 people were admitted to drug rehab for heroin addiction in 2010, with 6,064 admitted for cocaine addiction and 11,275 for marijuana addiction. Men represented 62.3 percent of all drug rehab admissions in the state and women represented 37.7 percent. According to a separate report released in 2010, one out of every two admissions also suffered from a mental health disorder.

Marijuana abuse and addiction

Marijuana is a special preparation of the cannabis plant used to induce feelings of relaxation and euphoria. Despite its legal status in some American states, marijuana is the most widespread illegal substance across the United States. Marijuana is a CNS depressant associated with motivational and emotional withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use. While medications are rarely used and largely ineffective for the treatment of marijuana addiction, a detox period may be applied to enforce abstinence and prepare the patient for rehab. Rehabilitation regimes include a combination of psychotherapy programs that attempt to treat the emotional and environmental issues that underpin addiction.

Heroin abuse and addiction

Heroin is a potent and highly addictive opioid drug widely abused to induce feelings of euphoria. Heroin is known to produce a severe physical withdrawal syndrome upon drug discontinuation. Overdose and addiction are very real possibilities of heroin abuse, with this drug usually injected intravenously and between two and four times as potent as morphine. A medical detox period is usually recommended prior to rehab and aftercare support programs, including the administration of methadone or buprenorphine. Opioid replacement therapy may also be administered as a form of harm reduction. Behavioral therapies are also used to treat heroin addiction, including both motivational and cognitive behavioral support programs.     

Meth abuse and addiction

Methamphetamine is a very strong illegal stimulant taken to increase energy, improve mental focus, and enhance sexual desire. Meth is typically consumed by smoking or intravenous injection, with this drug associated with a psychological withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use. While meth is not physically addictive in the same way as alcohol or heroin, meth users have a very difficult time coming off this drug. Common withdrawal symptoms include severe drug cravings, insomnia, lack of motivation, depression, anxiety, and changes to eating and sleeping patterns. Medication treatment is largely ineffective when treating meth addiction, with rehab programs typically focused on behavioral therapies, counseling, and relapse prevention measures.

The importance of relapse prevention

Relapse is an extremely common outcome of drug addiction, with roughly 50 percent of all treated patients returning to problematic drug or alcohol use after formal treatment. Dedicated relapse prevention programs are often needed to help reduce relapse rates. During relapse prevention, therapists will help patients recognize potential triggers, avoid dangerous environmental and emotional situations, and develop the psychological coping skills needed for recovery. Relapse is very likely unless preventative action is taken during rehabilitation and aftercare programs. Recovering drug addicts are also much less likely to relapse when they have access to practical support programs that help them access stable accommodation and employment services.

If you or a loved one is serious about recovery, pick up the phone and explore your many options for treatment. Life is all about choices, make the right one today.